Natural landmarks


•    Rila National Park
Established in 1992 to preserve the natural complexes of the self-regulating ecosystem, the Rila National Park is the largest in the Balkans. It is situated on 81,000 hectares and is a habitat of rare and endangered species and cohabitates, some of which - endemic to this area. There are over 1400 vascular plants in here. 42 are protected by law. 98 are included in the Red Book, 9 in the Red List of IUCN and 6 in the list of rare and endangered endemic plants in Europe. The Rila primrose, pavlovo alchemilla and Rila rhubarb are some of the unique plant that can only be found in the Rila region. The national park is home to 282 species of moss, 130 species of algae, 233 species of fungi, 5 species of fish, 20 species of amphibians and reptiles, 99 species of birds and 48 species of mammals. Here lies the largest population of Balkan chamois, the largest population of ground squirrels, one of the four habitats of alpine newt and one of Bulgaria's two nesting sites for the pygmy owl. The park is a protected area for the Bulgarian population of wood grouses. In addition, unique representatives of the invertebrate fauna have been established. From the 2934 species, 242 are endemic and 244 are relicts. This diversity defines the park as an important world center of speciation. Rila National Park is home to 38% of the plants, 80% of the invertebrates and 80% of the glacial lake flora and fauna.

Others:
•    Central Rila Reserve
•    Protected area Bukova Usoyka
•    The highest peak in the Balkans - Musala 2,925 m
•    Rido
•    Prodanov Ridge
•    Lago
•    Boricho

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